Orthodontic Appliances: Braces

Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth. They are fixed to the teeth for the duration of active orthodontic treatment.

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Braces consist of the following components:

  • Brackets are "handles" which are bonded to the outside surface of teeth. Silver brackets are the most common type, but gold brackets, clear brackets and glow-in-the-dark brackets are also available. Self-ligating brackets have a mechanism which locks the bracket to the archwire without the need for modules or tie-wires.
  • Archwires deliver the force to move teeth.
  • Ligatures are tiny rubber rings or fine twisted wires used to tie the archwire to each bracket. The rubber rings are usually grey, but coloured ligatures have become popular.
  • Bands are flat metal rings cemented around a tooth to provide a stronger means of attaching a bracket (or any other type of fitting).

See how braces work.


    © Australian Society of Orthodontists